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2009年12月英语四级听力考试全真模拟题(9)

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  Section C

  In many countries, authority is seldom questioned, either because it is highly respected, or because it is (36) _______. Sometimes, too, because (37) _______ has been important in certain societies for a long time, people have been trained never to question those in authority.

  In other countries, (38) _______America, children are trained to question and search for answers. When a child asks a question, he will be often told to go to the library and find the answer for himself. By the time students reach the age of 14 or 15, they may be (39) _______ exciting new ideas in all fields of science and the arts. To encourage such creativity, there are many national (40) _______ offered to students every year for their scientific discoveries and artistic (41) _______.

  This interest in questioning and searching may be (42) _______ by some people as bad for young people’s (43) _______, that young people lack respect for authority. (44) ___________________. However, this is because many Americans have different attitudes toward authority that may exist in other areas of the world. In a work or business situation, ideas are freely and openly discussed and argued. (45)_________________________. The two are quite separate. The purpose of the searching, questioning, and arguing is to find the facts in a particular situation, and therefore a solution, (46) ______________________________.

  答案和解析:

  Section C

  36.【解析】feared。根据either...or...可以判断所填词和respected词性一致(即也是v+ed形式),语义相对。一方面是尊敬之情,那么另一种可能就是畏惧之情了。

  37.【解析】rank。从authority可以判断此处指的是社会中的等级。

  38.【解析】including。根据对句子结构的分析可以判断所填词和America一起构成句子的状语,因此应该填入分词形式。

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