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四级听力全真模拟试题二

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大学英语四级听力全真模拟试题二
练习一
Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
  11. W: May I help you?
  M: The sleeves on this jacket are too long. Can you make them shorter?
  Q: What is the job of the woman?
  12. M: Mr. Smith bought some paper, paints and brushes today。
  W: Yes, he needs them for his students at the middle school。
  Q: What does Mr. Smith probably do at school?
  13. W: Look at the note left on the table from the landlord。
  M: What? We can’t afford another twenty dollars a month。
  Q: What will the landlord probably do next?
  14. M: Tom can get enough votes to win the election, can’t he?
  W: Well, if he gets the Asian, the African American, and the Native American special interest groups on his side, he can’t lose, can he?
  Q: What is the woman saying?
  15. W: This looks like the right size tennis racket, doesn’t it? Try a few. I am going to look at the golf clubs。
  M: You’ll come back and help me with this, won’t you?
  Q: Where does this conversation take place?
  16. M: What’s your understanding of creativity?
  W: Let me illustrate my point. Grandma Moses never had an art lesson, yet her paintings are displayed in the galleries。
  Q: What does the woman mean?
  17. M: Tom got a new job again. This was his fifth job this year。
  W: It’s difficult to keep a young man in one job for life nowadays。
  Q: What does the woman mean?
  18. M: Where are you living now? In the same house in New York?
  W: No, we moved to Washington about two months ago, because John got a new job. We’re living in a small flat while we try to find a house。
  Q: Why did the woman move to Washington?
  Now you’ll hear two long conversations。
Conversation One
  W: Do you travel a lot around the world?
  M: Quite a lot. Yes. I’ve been to many places in the world。
  W: Oh, that must be quite an experience。
  M: Well, in some places I feel, I suppose, somewhat uneasy, but I haven’t lately。
  W: You’ve just returned from Africa?
  M: Yes, I was in Africa recently。
  W: Which countries did you visit?
  M: I was in Zimbabwe and Zambia and South Africa。
  W: There are quite a few people who are crazy about Africa。
  M: I know, but I don’t feel that way at all. But I was very happy there。
  W: But some of the places in Africa, they must be --- they must be very different。
  M: I know what’s on your mind. Right. Some Africa cities can be a little horrible. There are places that I avoid. I don’t like cities generally not because I feel threatened but because I feel confined。
  W: You mean you find cities unsatisfying?
  M: I like being at a street level and looking out to watch the sun set. The idea of a sun setting behind a lot of buildings is what I find unsatisfying. Why should it set just behind a lot of concrete? There is still some sunshine there. I think that’s why I avoid cities.
  Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
  19. Why does the man feel uneasy while he is traveling?
  20. Which of the countries didn’t he visit on his last trip to Africa?
  21. What did he feel when he was in Africa?
  22. Why did he find cities unsatisfying?
  Conversation Two
  W: Are there people you feel that you just “can’t reason with”?
  M: Sure. But fortunately they are few and far in between。
  W: What are some of the basic techniques of communicating effectively with people that you need to work with but don’t particularly like?
  M: That’s a good question. One of my favorite examples is a guy I used to work with who had a strong opinion about everything. And he stated it very forcefully。
  W: You obviously didn’t like it。
  M: No, and it was very different from mine, but I learned to get along with him because I realized that he was fundamentally very insecure。
  W: So what did you do to change the situation?
  M: I tried to get along with him, telling him stories about myself that showed my own mistakes. That helped him to get past his insecurity and involve me in more honest and open communication。
  W: What kind of people do you have difficulty working with?
  M: I’m naturally a person who likes to get things done. So I get impatient sometimes when I’m working with a large group. It takes time for everyone’s voice to be heard and for everyone’s opinion to be tried. Yet I know that process is vital if they are going to make the ultimate decision。
  Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
  23. What is true according to the conversation?
  24. How does the man deal with people who are insecure?
  25. What kind of person is the man in the conversation?
Section B
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
  Passage One
  You can find it orbiting Earth, floating in space, or sitting on Venus, Mars, and the Moon. No, it’s not a space---it’s space trash! Space trash, often called space debris, is any man-made object that no longer serves a useful purpose. More than 4,000 satellites have been launched into space since 1957. All that activity has led to large amounts of space trash。
  Nicholas Johnson, a chief NASA scientist and program manager for orbital debris, monitors more than 1,300 objects that are at least three to four inches wide. Of those objects, only 600 to 700 are still in use. The oldest piece of space trash is Vanguard 1, the second satellite that the United States launched. Vanguard 1 has been in space since March 1958。
  Space trash moves very quickly. According to Johnson, speeds may reach 18,000 miles an hour. Because the trash moves so quickly, even very small pieces can cause damage. Today the trash causes only minor damage to satellites. That’s largely because of measures that NASA and other countries’ space programs have taken. For example, making sure that no fuel is left on satellites limits the amount of explosions that can send trash hurtling through space。
  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard。
  26. What is space trash?
  27. According to a chief NASA scientist, how many man-made objects that are at least three inches wide are there in the space, which are no longer in use?
  28. Why is space trash dangerous?
  Passage Two
  People all over the world have begun to realize the countless possibilities of a new freedom: Leisure. This is especially true in countries with a highly-developed technology. Modern technology, automation, shorter working days, long weekends, earlier retirement, and better health have given people much more free time than they have ever had before. Modern agricultural equipment has liberated the farmer from long hours of hard labor; automation has had a revolutionary effect on business and industry; and modern household appliances have freed women from many tiresome and time-consuming chores. Only students have not gained leisure time in this day and age. They have to study longer and harder than ever before in order to keep up with our rapidly changing world and prepare them for the future. But then, the life of a student has always been, and probably always will be, one of much effort and little free time。
  In the early days of American history, the value of work was a dominant concept in the American way of life. Now, almost everyone recognizes the necessity and value of relaxation and recreation. People are supposed to work in order to support themselves and their families and to contribute to society. However, they also enjoy many other activities and profit from them。
  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard。
  29. What have people all over the world begun to recognize?
  30. Who has been liberated from long hours of hard work?
  31. When was the value of work a major concept in American life?
  Passage Three
  Until recently, a tomato was just a tomato. But now scientists have begun to change the genes of plants in laboratories, so it is not as easy to know when tomatoes are pure tomatoes. That is true with many other vegetables and fruits。
  Genetic engineering is the process of taking genes from one plant or animal and putting them into another plant or animal. Scientists use the process to increase the nutrients a food contains. However, this new genetic engineering technology has raised a lot of questions。
  The United States Food and Drug Administration is responsible for deciding how foods must be described when they are sold. The FDA says people who buy human foods produced by new kinds of plants must be told if there are any safety problems. It also says people must be told what nutrients the foods contain。
  There are, however, times when more information about a new food product would be helpful. Some foods are not a safety threat, but do affect people in unusual ways. After eating the food, they may develop red spots on their skin, or have trouble breathing or have a sick stomach。
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard。
  32. What is the best title of the passage?
  33. What is the FDA responsible for?
  34. What principle should people keep in mind when doing food shopping?
  35. What does the passage mainly suggest?
  Section C
  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written。
  In many countries now seat belts are (36) compulsory for the driver and the front seat (37) passenger at least。
  Most doctors believe that seat belts save people from being seriously hurt in a (38) crash, but there are some people who still think it is more dangerous to wear a seat belt than not to wear one. They say that a seat belt may (39) trap one in a car that is burning, or that has fallen into a river or the sea and is sinking, so that one is (40) burnt to death or (41) drowned。
  But less than half of one percent of car accidents lead to fire or sinking, and in any case, a seat belt may easily save a person from being knocked (42) unconscious in an accident, so that he or she is able to (43) undo the seat belt immediately and get out of a car that is on fire or sinking。
  (44) Some people say that it is an attack on their freedom to force them to wear a seat belt. But even in a democracy there are a lot of things a person is denied the right to do though he or she wants to do them. How does this affect seat belts? (45) In what way does it interfere with the rights of others if someone refuses to wear a seat belt? Well, common sense tells us that a driver without a seat belt has less control of a car if there is an accident. (46) In that case, he or she is more likely to be a danger to others, who after all also have the right to be protected as mush as possible from accidents。


联系二

Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
  11. W: Boy, I’m nervous. This term paper is due in two days. All the books I need are checked out!
  M: I know what you mean. There are a million of books in this place and I can never find what I need。
  Q: Where are the speakers?
  12. W: Can I see you sometime this week? I missed part of your explanation on this week’s chemistry experiment。
  M: Ok, come to my office tomorrow around one o’clock。
  Q: Who is the woman probably talking to?
  13. W: What are the requirements for the course?
  M: There will be weekly quizzes and a final exam. You will have to go to the language lab at least two hours a week。
  Q: What kind of course is this?
  14. W: I’m sorry. We are just not happy with these plans for the living room。
  M: Would you like me to draw up another set of blueprints?
  Q: What is the man’s job?
  15. M: Julie, have you heard the one about the two bears having a drink at a bar?
  W: Oh, no, Norman. Not another ridiculous joke。
  Q: Why is the woman refusing to listen to the man?
  16. M: I’m not sure whether I should tell that story about Mr. Leeds at the Awards Dinner. What do you think?
  W: Well, you are a good storyteller, but I’m not sure people would find it all that interesting. When in doubt, leave it out。
  Q: What does the woman mean?
  17. M: Since you won’t be joining the Antarctica expedition this year, would you reconsider our offer to join the staff here?
  W: Thank you again for the offer, but I still don’t think I’m cut out for teaching。
  Q: What is the woman refusing?
  18. M; In view of the fact that people are ignoring the importance of the ecology of the polar regions, I think we are headed for catastrophe。
  W: You mean like a worldwide drought caused by global warming or severe flooding in coastal cities?
  Q: What is the man implying?
  Now you’ll hear two long conversations。
Conversation One
  W: Why is it that some children perform better than others at school?
  M: Obviously, certain children are brighter than others. But it is not that simple. A lot of emphasis is placed on intelligence measured by tests。
  W: The so-called IQ tests?
  M: Yes. Basically they are intended to test language and numerical ability, so some children are bound to suffer. This is very unfortunate. A child with an average IQ may turn out to be successful when he grows up。
  W: What you are saying is that some children have abilities that are not easy to measure。
  M: Exactly. If these abilities are not discovered early, they cannot be developed. That’s why there are so many unhappy parents in the world. They are not doing the things they are best at。
  W: I see。
  M: But at school, only those who are good with words and numbers will probably do well in exams。
  W: Right. Is there anything a parent can do to help in this case?
  M: Yes. In my opinion, a child should be judged on his individual talents. After all, being happy in life is putting your skills to good use, no matter what they are.
  Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
  19. What is the basic purpose of IQ tests?
  20. According to the conversation, why are there so many unhappy parents in the world?
  21.According to the conversation, why can’t some children do well in school examinations?
  22. Which of the following statements is true according to the conversation?
  Conversation Two
  W: How was this street before?
  M: There were so many people around. We had 3 to 4 guesthouses. People from the surrounding villages came to do different businesses。
  W: So, obviously there were more shops here. What kind of shops were they?
  M: Any kind. That was the biggest town in this region。
  W: When did the population start declining?
  M: About 50 years ago, when the river to the south gradually dried up, and people began to face a serious shortage of water。
  W: So a lot of people started to move out of this town, right?
  M: Yes, what else could they do?
  W: Has the local government tried to do something?
  M: They have been trying to build this dam for 7-8 years。
  W: If the dam is built, the situation here will be improved。
  M: That’s what we hope for. But the local government hasn’t been able to finish it。
  W: Why?
  M: They said they were short of money. I really don’t know how long before the dam will be built。
  W: Is there anything that can be done?
  M: Nothing has been done. Without money how could one do business? I think life here will continue to be as difficult as always。
  Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
  23. Which of the following statements is not true about the town in the past?
  24. Why did people move out of the town?
  25. What is the man’s attitude toward the construction of the dam?
 Section B
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
  Passage One
  The motor vehicle has killed and disabled more people in its history than any bomb or weapon ever invented. Much of the blood on the street flows essentially from uncivil behavior of drivers who refuse to respect the legal and moral rights of others. So the massacre on the road may be regarded as a social problem。
  In fact, the enemies of society on wheels are rather harmless people, just ordinary people acting carelessly, you might say. But it is a principle both of law and common morality that carelessness is no excuse when one’s actions could bring death or damage to others. A minority of these killers go even beyond carelessness to total negligence。
  Researchers have estimated that as many as 80 percent of all automobile accidents can be attributed to the psychological condition of the driver. Emotional upsets can distort driver’s reactions, slow their judgment, and blind them to dangers that might otherwise be evident. The experts warn that it is vital for every driver to make a conscious effort to keep one’s emotions under control.
  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard。
  26. Why should traffic accidents be regarded as a social problem?
  27. Why does the passage mention the psychological condition of the driver?
  28. For the minority of road killers, what is the major cause of their traffic accidents?
  Passage Two
  From Beijing to Bucharest people like Michael Jordan. So when he suddenly retired last week, the news was reported around the world. Michael Jordan is widely considered basketball’s best player ever. He seems to fly through the air with the ball. He became known as Air Jordan. Jordan gained wide notice by helping to sell products, and businesses paid him tens of millions of dollars。
  Michael is thirty years old. He attended the University of North Carolina. He joined the Chicago Bulls nine years ago. He led the team to the National Basketball Association Championship for the past three years. He was the top scoring player in the NBA for the past seven years. He also won two Olympic gold medals。
  In July, Jordan’s father was murdered in North Carolina. James Jordan and his son were close friends. Michael Jordan says it means a lot to him that his father saw his last game. But he says his father’s death was not the reason he retired. He says he had been considering the idea for a few years. Jordan is the third major NBA player to retire in the last three years. Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers retired two years ago because he has the virus that causes AIDS. Last year Larry
  Bird retired because of a back problem。
  Jordan’s skill helped increase the popularity of basketball. Sports centers sold all their seats when the Chicago Bulls played there.
  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard。
  29. Why is Jordan known as Air Jordan?
  30. Which of the following statements about Jordan is true?
  31. Why did Larry Bird retire?
  Passage Three
  Every part of the United States has special celebrations, depending on the particular national groups that live in the area. In Hawaii, there are many Asians. Many of these Asians are Japanese, Chinese and Polynesians. Recent immigrants from Japan and China arrived in Hawaii in great numbers during the past century. The early Polynesians came to Hawaii from the South Pacific islands more than a thousand years before any other people. The Asians left rich traditions for their younger generations to follow. Today, Hawaiians honor the memory of their ancestors with special feasts and festivals。
  Chinese-Hawaiians hold the Moon Festival to honor the memory of their ancestors and their native land. The Moon Festival occurs in August on the night of the full moon. Unlike the Japanese festival, the Chinese celebration is a simple family occasion. Family members gather in a garden or a large open-air space in the light of the moon. They drink tea and feast on delicious moon-shaped cakes filled with meat or sweets, depending on family custom. If the family is from southern China, the cakes have meat in them; if the family comes from northern China, the cakes have sweet fillings. The cakes, an important food on this occasion, represent an event in Chinese history. A long time ago, the people used round cakes in a special way: they sent secret messages to each other in them. The messages give instructions for the people of the north and south to join together to fight against the evil emperor who ruled them at that time. The trick worked and the people were able to overthrow their ruler. By recalling this event in the Moon Festival, the Chinese people help to keep their native traditions alive and their family ties strong。
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard。
  32. What three groups of people are introduced in this passage?
  33. For what purpose do Chinese-Hawaiians hold the Moon Festival?
  34. What do the moon-shaped cakes represent?
  35. How did the ancient Chinese win their war against to the emperor?
  Section C
  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written。
  Of the thousands of different kinds of animals that exist in the world man has learned to make friends with an (36) enormous number. Some are pets, and offer him (37) companionship; some give him protection, and some do hard work which man cannot do for himself. The (38) inhabitants of certain countries are (39) dependent for their very lives on the camel, the yak, or the reindeer. In the West Indies the little donkey, strong and sure-footed, carrying heavy loads even in (40) mountainous places, is a familiar sight。
  Trained and tamed for many generations, domestic animals are not (41) accustomed to roaming in search of food and (42) shelter. They look to their masters to provide for their needs, and as long as these are (43) supplied, they are content to do what their maters required。
  (44) All domestic animals need proper food. It must be suitable for them, sufficient in quantity, fresh and clean. The quantity of food depends on the size of the animal and the amount of exercise it takes. (45) Containers for food and water must be washed regularly if the animal is to maintain good health。
  Even well cared-for animals may sometimes fall ill. If this happens, the wise master seeks the best advice he can get. (46) All sorts of medicines and treatments are available for sick animals, and in some countries, organizations exist to provide them free or at cheap prices. Useful, friendly, hardworking animals deserve to have some time, money and attention spent on their health.


练习三


Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
  11. M: So we’re meeting at eight-thirty in front of the hall, right?
  W: Well, how about thirty minutes earlier? Would you like to get something to eat before the concert?
  Q: What does the woman suggest?
  12. M: I don’t know, Jane--- things seem to be going from bad to worse. Some times I get the feeling that they just seem to take me for granted. If only I had a job or something---then at least I’d feel I was really doing something。
  W: Well, you know, Tom, I quite understand you。
  Q: What have you learned about the man?
  13. M: I heard on the news that the ocean is twice as dirty as it was a few years ago。
  W: That’s upsetting. It’s frightening to see the environment being destroyed. I’ve never understood why some people would want to destroy it。
  Q: What are they talking about?
  14. W: What’s wrong with your car? I was told that it was stolen. Others said that it was broken. I hurried here to find that it wasn’t here。
  M: It’s a mistake. Susan borrowed mine because she had an accident and broke hers。
  Q: What does the man mean?
  15. W: Here’s this week’s schedule. On Monday, there’s the board meeting. Your speech at the Lion’ s Club is on Tuesday. Then, on Wednesday, you’re supposed to see the dentist。
  M: I’m glad I don’t have to travel to the business conference until next week。
  Q: What will the man do on Tuesday?
  16. M: They may be proud of their new facility, but frankly, I’m disappointed. The nurses are friendly, but everything seems to be running behind schedule。
  W: Not to mention the fact that it’ s noisy because no one observes visiting hours。
  Q: What are the people in the dialogue discussing?
  17. M: I’m tired of Bill’s remarks. I don’t know why he wants to look at everything in such a negative way。
  W: Why don’ t you do what I do, John, and take his comments with a grain of salt?
  Q: According to the woman, what should John do about Bill?
  18. M: Your new dresses are beautiful. Where did you find them?
  W: Well, I bought three of them while I was on vacation in Chicago, but I made the other one myself。
  Q: What can we conclude from the above conversation?
  Now you’ll hear two long conversations。
Conversation One
  M: Hey. Have you ever heard of the Oscars, or Academy Awards?
  W: Well, I should say I’ve done more than hear of them. I know them quite well. The Academy Awards, or Oscars, are given every year in the United States by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for excellence in the creation and production of motion pictures. First presented in 1929, the Oscars are among the film industry’s most desired prizes。

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