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2009年12月大学英语四级考试模拟试题(八)

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  Part I Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title Global Warming. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 全球性变暖的原因

  2. 提出解决的建议

  Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the question on Answer Sheet 1

  For questions 1-7,mark

  Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;

  N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;

  NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage.

  For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

  Spiders

  Spiders can be distinguished from other Arachnids because the prosoma (combined head and thorax) is only separated from the opisthosoma (abdomen) by a narrow waist, in other Arachnids the whole body appears to be much more of a single unit. All spiders produce silk, but only some construct webs to catch their homes and to protect their eggs.

  All spiders possess poison glands but very few of them are dangerous to humans, of the 600+species in Britain only 12 (at least one of these is a recent human assisted colonist) are strong enough to pierce the human skin, and apart from allergies, none are more dangerous than a common wasp. Most spiders have 8 eyes (though some have 6,4,2 or 0), as well as 8 legs. (by the way if you count the claws as separate leg section then their legs have 8 parts as well ) There are more than 32000 known species of spider in the world. No human being has ever been officially recorder as having died as the result of a 'tarantula' bite.

  All spiders are carnivorous and feed only on liquids, i.e. their preys natural juices and the breakdown products of external digestion (meaning they spit, exude or inject digestive juices onto/into their prey ad suck up the resulting soup). So why not invite some to your next social do?

  What's In a Name

  The word 'Arachnida' comes from the Greek word 'Arachne' who was the daughter of Idmon of Colophon in Lydia, a dyer by trade. Arachne herself was a weaver, the best in all the known world. However in a foolish moment she challenged Athene, the daughter of Zeus and goddess of, among other things, waving to a weaving competition. Arachne wove so perfect a cloth that she tore it to shreds. Arachne became depressed after this and in the end she hung herself. Athene stirred to remorse at the knowledge of what her anger had wrought turned the rope Arachne had used to hang herself into a web and Arachne herself into a spider so that the beauty of her spinning should not be lost to the world ever again.

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