您当前的位置:大学英语四级 > 大学英语四级词汇 > 浏览文章

句子词汇真题训练详解1

来源:未知 作者:admin 时间:2009-10-20 22:36:13 字体:[ ]

1.change society as ______ as did the Industrial  Revolution. 
A) certainly
B) insignificantly
C) fundamentally
D) comparatively 

2. In Britain people ______ four million tons of potatoes every year. 
A) swallow
B) dispose
C) consume
D) exhaust 

3. I’d ______ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan. 
A) take into account
B) account for
C) make up for
D) make out 

4. She cooked the meat for a long time so as to make it ______ enough to eat. 
A) mild
B) slight
C) light
D) tender 

5. We take our skin for granted until it is burned ______ repair. 
A) beyond
B) for
C) without
D) under 

参考答案及解析:
1. 选 C )。    [题意] 计算机革命完全可能像工业革命一样根本上改变社会。 
A)certainly               的确, (口语)当然,  行 
[范例]   Victory certainly belongs to the people. 胜利一定属于人民。 
B)insignificantly           无价值的,无足轻重的; 
C)fundamentally           基础地, 根本地; 
[范例]   She is fundamentally unsuited to office work. 她根本不适合做办公室工作。 
D)comparatively           比较地, 相当地 ; 
[范例]   Man is a comparatively new creature on the surface of the earth. 人类是地球上出现得比较晚的一种生物。

2. 选 C )。    [题意] 在英国人们每年吃掉400万吨马铃薯。    
A)swallow                 vt. 
吞下,咽下 
[范例]  He swallowed the pills with a cup of water.他用一杯水吞下了这些药丸。 
淹没,吞没;吞并[(+up)] 
[范例]  The waves swallowed up the little boat.波浪吞没了小船。 
耗尽,用尽[(+up)] 
[范例]   The increase in travel costs swallowed up our pay increase.旅行费用的增加超出了我们的工资增长。 
【口】轻信;轻易接受 
[范例]   She is naive and would swallow anything you tell her.她很天真,你跟她讲什么她都相信。 
忍受 
[范例]  He swallowed the insults and kept on working.他忍受侮辱继续努力。 
       He had to swallow the insult.他不得不忍受侮辱。 
压制,抑制 
[范例]  She swallowed her displeasure and smiled.她抑制自己的不快,强颜欢笑。 
取消(前言) 
[范例]   He had to swallow his words.他不得不取消前言。 
                          vi. 
吞下;咽下 
[范例]  He couldn’t swallow because of a sore throat.他因嗓子疼而不能吞咽。 
                            n. 
吞,咽 
[范例]  He took the medicine at one swallow.他一口吞下这药。 
一次吞咽之物[(+of)] 
[范例]  He took a long swallow of wine.他喝了一大口酒。 
B)dispose 
                              vt. 
配置,布置[(+for)] 
[范例]  They disposed troops along the river.他们沿河布置了军队。 
处置,处理;整理 
使倾向于,使有意于[(+for/to)] 
[范例]  The good pay disposed him to take the job.高薪使他接受了这份工作。 
                               vi. 
处置,处理;(能)决定[(+of)] 
[范例]  I want to dispose of these old books.我想处理掉这些旧书。 
       Man proposes, God disposes.谋事在人,成事在天。  
C)consume                       v t. 
消耗,花费;耗尽 
[范例]  She consumed most of her time in reading.她把大部分时间都花在读书上。 
吃完,喝光 
[范例]   The kids soon consumed all the food on the table.孩子们一会儿功夫便把桌上的食品全部吃光。 
烧毁,毁灭 
[范例]  The fire consumed half the village.大火吞噬了半个村庄。 
挥霍,浪费 
使全神贯注,使着迷;使憔悴;充满[(+with)] 
[范例]  The boy was consumed with curiosity.那男孩充满好奇心。 
                                vi. 
耗尽生命;被(烧)毁 
[范例]   She consumed away with grief.她抑郁而死。  
D)exhaust                         vt . 
抽完,汲干;把...的内容抽空[(+from/of)] 
用完,耗尽 
[范例]  He had exhausted his supply of water.他已耗尽了全部供水。 
使精疲力尽 
[范例]   My father is completely exhausted.我父亲精疲力竭。 
       The marathon talks exhausted him completely.马拉松式的谈判使他精疲力竭。 
详尽研究;详尽论述 
[范例]   Her book on child-care exhausts the subject.她那本关于儿童保育的书写得详尽透彻。 
                                 vi. 
排出气体 
[范例]  The engine exhausts through the muffler.引擎通过消音器排气。 
(气体等)被排出 
                                  n. 
排出;排气(或水等) 
[范例]  Something has gone wrong with the car’s exhaust system.汽车的排气系统出了故障。 
排出的气 
[范例]  Effective measures have been taken to prevent exhaust pollution.业已采取有效措施以防止废气污染。 

3. 选 A )。    [题意] 我得向社区的其他的农户和商人们了解他的信誉,然后再决定是否同意他的贷款请求。 
A)take into account    考虑到;体谅 
[范例]   They had to take the baby into account when they wanted to go out.每当要外出时,他们总得考虑如何将婴孩安顿好。 
B) account for    
说明;证明 
[范例]  He could not account for his foolish mistake.他无法解释他所犯的荒谬的错误。 
对 ...负有责任 
[范例]  Who will have to account for the misprints in the dictionary?谁必须对字典中的印刷错误负责? 
C)make up for    补偿 
[范例]  Nothing can make up for what they have suffered.什么也不能补偿他们所受的痛苦。 
D)make out       
辨别出 
[范例]  I  could hardly make out anything in the thick fog.在浓雾中我几乎什么也看不见。 
填写;写出 
[范例]  The teacher has made out a list of reference books.教师已开出了一份参考书单。 
理解 
[范例]  We can’t make out what he is saying.我们不懂他在说什么。

 4.选D)。    [题意]她把肉煮了好长时间,以便使肉烂得容易咀嚼.
A)mild                      a. 
温和的,温柔的 
[范例]   He is the mildest man alive.他是世上最和善的人了。 
温暖的,暖和的 
[范例]   It’s been a mild winter this year.今年的冬天一直很暖和。 
味淡的,不浓烈的 
[范例]   Please make my drink a mild one.请把我的酒调得淡一点。 
轻微的,不重的;宽大的 
[范例]  He was given a mild punishment.他被从轻发落。 
B)slight                      a. 
轻微的;微小的;少量的 
[范例]   She has a slight fever.她有点儿发烧。 
极不重要的,微不足道的 
[范例]  The boss decided to pass over his slight mistakes.老板决定原谅他的小错。 
细长的;瘦小的 
[范例]   Ann is a slight girl.安妮是个瘦弱的女孩。 
脆弱的;不结实的;不牢靠的 
                            vt. 
轻视;藐视;怠慢 
[范例]   Mr. Paul was highly respected because he slighted no one.保罗先生非常受人尊敬,因为他不轻视任何人。 
忽视;疏忽 
                              n. 
轻蔑;怠慢 [(+on/to)] 
[范例]   Cinderella suffered many slights from her sisters.灰姑娘受到她姊妹的许多轻慢。 
C)light      清淡的;易消化的;(酒)淡的 
[范例]  I enjoy light wine.我爱喝清淡的酒。 
D)tender 
                               a. 
嫩的;柔软的 
[范例]  There are lots of tender blossoms in the garden.花园里尽是娇嫩的花朵。 
敏感的,一触就痛的 
[范例]  Her bruised knee is still tender.她受了瘀伤的膝盖仍然一碰就痛。 
温柔的,体贴的[(+towards)] 
[范例]   The nurse was very tender toward the sick children.护士对生病的孩子很温柔。 
微妙的,棘手的 
[范例]  I t is hard to have the tender situation in hand.这样微妙的局势很难控制。 
脆弱的,柔弱的 
幼弱的,未成熟的 
[搭配]   children of tender years年幼不懂事的孩子 
                                vt. 
使变柔软;使变脆弱 
【古】温柔地对待 
                                 vi. 
变柔软;变脆弱 

5. 选 A )。    [题意] 皮肤被烧伤得无法修复之前,我们想当然地认为皮肤不易受伤害

 


1. In the_______ of the project not being a success, the investors stand to lose up to $30 million. 
A) face    B) time    C) event    D) course 

2. _______, he does get annoyed with her sometimes. 
A) Although much he likes her       B) Much although he likes her 
C) As he likes her much                  D) Much as he likes her 

3. The British constitution is _______ a large extent a product of the historical events described above. 
A) within    B) to    C) by    D) at 

4、I suggested he should ________himself to his new conditions. 
A)adapt    B)adopt    C)regulate    D)suit 
5.Cancellation of the flight ________many passengers to spend the night at the airport. 

A)resulted    B)obliged    C)demanded    D)recommended 

参考答案及解析:
1. 选C。    [题意]如果工程不成功的话,那些投资者一定会损失3000万美元。 
A)in the face of 
面对; 
[ 范例] They showed courage in the face of danger. 面对危险他们表现出了勇气。 
纵然; 
[ 范例] He succeeded in the face of great opposition.尽管遭到许多反对,他还是成功了。 
C)in the event of 
如果...发生 
[ 范例] In the event of rain, the match will be postponed. 如果下雨,比赛将延期。 
D)in the course of
在...期间;在...过程中 
[ 范例] The work should be completed in the course of this week.
这项工作应在本周内完成 


2. 选D。    [题意]尽管他很喜欢她,他有时的确被她惹得生气。 
[ 用法] 本句是由as引导的让步状语从句,需要使用倒装语序,将状语放到句首, 


3. 选B。    [题意]英国宪法在相当程度上是一种历史事件的产物。 
constitution      n.
宪法;章程,法规 
[ 范例] The written constitution of the United States was adopted in 1787. 美国的成文宪法于一七八七年通过。 
体质,体格 
[ 范例] The young man has a strong constitution.这位年轻人身强力壮。 
( 事物的)构造,组成(方式) 
( 规章等的)制定;(团体等的)设立 
historical       a.
历史的,史学的 ; 
[ 范例] historical research史学研究 
有关历史的,基于史实的; 
[ 范例] We went to see a historical play.
我们去看了出历史剧。 
Describe        vt.
描写,描绘,叙述; 
[ 范例] Words cannot describe the beauty of the scene. 语言难以描述那景色之美丽。 
He described in detail how the accident happened. 他详细地叙述了事故是怎样发生的。 
形容,把...说成 ;
[ 范例] He describes himself as a doctor.他声称自己是医生。 


4. 选A。    [题意]我建议他适应自己的新环境。 
adapt          vt. 
使适应,使适合; 
[ 范例] He tried hard to adapt himself to the new conditions. 他努力使自己适应新的情况。 
改编,改写 
[ 范例] The author is going to adapt his play for television.作者将把他的剧本改编成电视剧。 
改建,改造; 
[ 范例] The boys adapted the old barn for use by the club.孩子们将这个旧谷仓改造成为俱乐部用房。 
                vi. 适应 
[ 范例] He has not yet adapted to the climate.他还没适应这种气候。 
adopt          vt. 
采取;采纳;吸收; 
[ 范例] After much deliberation, the president decided to adopt her suggestion. 总经理再三考虑之后,决定采纳她的建议。 
过继,收养[(+as)]; 
[ 范例] Mr. Kern adopted the orphan as his own son.克恩先生将那孤儿收养为自己的儿子。 
挑选...为候选人[(+as)]; 
正式通过,接受; 
[ 范例] The agenda was adopted after some discussion. 经过讨论,议事日程获得通过。 
vi.
过继 
regulate        vt. 
管理;控制;为...制订规章 
[ 范例] Private schools regulate the behavior of students. 私立学校规范学生行为。 
校准;调整,调节 
[ 范例] Thermostats can be used to regulate the temperature of a room.恒温器可用来调节室内温度。 
使规则化;使条理化 
[ 范例] Regulating your habits is conducive to good health.使生活习惯规律化有益于健康。 
suit           vt. 
适合,中...的意 
[ 范例] Would Friday morning suit you? 星期五早上对你合适吗 ?
[ 范例] The arrangement suited us both.这个安排对我们两人都合适。 
( 不用被动式)与...相配,与...相称 
[ 范例] This dress suits you beautifully.这件衣服你穿非常合适。 
使合适;使适应[(+to)] 
[ 范例] Her speech was well suited to the occasion.她的讲话在这个场合十分得体。 
                vi. 
合适,适当 
[ 范例] Will that time suit?这时间合适吗 ?
相称;彼此协调[(+to/with)] 
[ 范例] The position suits with his abilities.这个职位与他的能力相称。 


5. 选B。    [题意]航班的取消迫使很多乘客在飞机场过夜。 
cancellation      n. 取消;【数】约;相消 
oblige            vt. 
使不得不,迫使 
[ 范例] I was obliged to abandon that idea. 我不得不放弃那个想法。 
The scandal obliged the minister to resign. 这一丑闻迫使部长辞职。 
施恩于;答应...的请求 
[ 范例] Please oblige me by turning down the radio.劳您驾,请替我把收音机音量调低一些。 
使感激 
[ 范例] We’re much obliged to you for your information.我们很感谢你提供的消息。 
使成为必要 
                 vi. 
施恩惠,帮忙 
[ 范例] Will you oblige with another song?请再唱支歌,好吗? 
Recommend         vt. 
推荐,介绍[(+as/for)] 
[ 范例] Can you recommend me some new books on this subject? 你能推荐一些有关这个学科的新书给我吗 ?
建议,劝告[+v-ing][+that] 
[ 范例] I recommend you to comply with safety regulations.我劝你遵守安全规则。 
使成为可取,使受欢迎[(+to)] 
[ 范例] His proposal has much to recommend it.他的建议有不少可取之处。 
付托,托付[(+to)] 
[ 范例] I recommended my child to her care.我把孩子托付给她照顾。 
                 vi.
推荐;提出建议

 

1. The computer revolution may well change society as ______ as did the Industrial Revolution.
A) certainly
B) insignificantly
C) fundamentally
D) comparatively

2. A lot of ants are always invading my kitchen.They are a thorough ______ .
A) nuisance
B) trouble
C) worry
D) anxiety

3. As we can no longer wait for the delivery of our order, we have to _______it.
A) postpone
B) refuse
C) delay
D) cancel

4. Young people are not _______ to stand and look at works of art; they want art they can participate in.
A) conservative
B) content
C) confident
D) generous

5. Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been unfairly criticized and argue that the power of the medium is _______.
A) granted
B) implied
C) exaggerated
D) remedied

 

参考答案及解析:

1.选C。     [题意]计算机革命完全可能像工业革命一样根本上改变社会.

A)certainly          adv. 无疑地;必定;确实
[范例] They will certainly succeed.他们一定会成功。
(用于回答)当然;可以;没问题
[范例] "May I use your motorcycle?" "Certainly"."我可以借用你的摩托车吗?""行。"

B) insignificant      adj.小的;地位低微的;无足轻重的
[范例] This problem was insignificant compared to others she faced.
这一问题与她面临的其他问题比较起来算不得什么。
微小的
[搭配] an insignificant sum of money一笔微不足道的钱款
无意义的
[搭配] insignificant chatter无意义的闲聊
卑鄙的;猥琐的
[搭配] an insignificant face猥琐的容貌

C)fundamentally       adv.基础地;根本地;重要地

D)comparatively        adv.对比地;比较地;有点,稍微 


2.选A。     [题意]我的厨房里总是有许多蚂蚁进来,它们是非常令人讨厌的东西。

  测试点是名词辨义。


A)nuisance            n.讨厌的东西(或行为、人)
[范例] The mosquitoes are a nuisance.蚊子是讨厌的东西。

B)trouble               n. 困难,麻烦
[范例] He caused a lot of trouble to his parents and was always in trouble.他给他的父母招来很多麻烦,甚为苦恼。

C)worry               n.忧虑,烦恼,令人烦恼的人或事
[ 范例] The worry showed on her face.她的脸上显出焦虑的神色。
              My father has a lot of worries.我父亲有许多烦恼的事。

D)anxiety             n.忧虑,不安
[搭配] cause sb. great anxiety引起某人非常不安

3.选D。     [题意]因为我们再没有时间等命令的交付,我们必须取消它。

delivery                 n.投递,传送
[范例] How many deliveries are there in your town every day?你们城里每天送几次信?
交付,交货
[范例] We guarantee prompt delivery of goods.我们保证立即交货。
一次投递(或交付)的邮件(或货物)
转让;引渡
[搭配] delivery of a criminal引渡罪犯
分娩
[范例] The mother had a difficult delivery.那位母亲难产。
演讲(或唱歌)的姿态
[范例] He has an excellent delivery.他有极优美的演讲风格。
【书】释放;解救[(+from)]

A)postpone             vt.使延期,延迟,延缓[(+to/until)][+v-ing]
[范例] They postponed sending an answer to a request.他们耽搁了对一项请求的答覆。
       The concert has been postponed to Saturday.音乐会延迟到星期六。
       The sports meet was postponed because of rain.运动会因雨延期。
把...放在次要地位
[范例] postpone private gain to the public welfare把个人利益置于公众福利之后
【语】把...放在后面(或句尾)
                        vi.
1. 延迟,延缓
2. (疟疾等)延缓发作(或复发)

B) refuse               vt. 拒绝;拒受;拒给;不准
[范例] He refused my offer of help.他拒绝了我的帮助。
拒不;不肯,不愿[+to-v]
[范例] The engine refused to start.引擎怎么也发动不起来。
       Martin refused to discuss the matter.马丁拒绝讨论此事。
(马)不肯跃过
                        vi.拒绝
[范例] It never occurred to me that you would refuse.我从未想到你会拒绝。
(马)不肯越过障碍物

C) delay                 vt.延缓;使延期;耽搁;延误
[范例] The accident delayed the train for two hours.事故使火车耽搁了两小时。
                        vi.拖延;耽搁
[范例] I'm sorry that I've delayed so long.我很抱歉拖了这么久。
                        n.延迟;耽搁
[范例] My doctor advised me to give up smoking without delay.我的医生劝我立即戒烟。
       Heavy fog is causing serious delays of all incoming flights.浓雾造成了降落班机严重的误点。
       After much delay, the results of the survey were published.耽搁多时之后,调查结果终于公布了。
耽搁的时间

D)cance                  vt.删去,划掉;勾销,盖销(邮票等)
[范例] You should cancel this preposition in the sentence.你应该删去句子中的这个介词。
取消,废除;中止
[范例] The game was cancelled because of the rain.比赛因为下雨而取消了。
抵消,对消[(+out)]
[范例] This will cancel your debt to me.这可抵消你欠我的债务。
数】约去,消去[(+out)]
销(帐)[(+out)]
                           vi.数】相约,相消;互相抵消
[范例] The $5 I owed him and the $5 he owes me cancel out.他与我各欠对方五元,正好相互抵消。
取消;中止
                        n.删除;取消;撤销;轧票钳,打孔器

4.选B。     [题意]年轻人不满足于站着欣赏艺术;他们想要他们能参与的艺术。

participate              vi.参加,参与[(+in)]
[范例] No professionals participated in the contest.没有职业选手参加这一比赛。
             Everyone can participate in this game.每个人都能参加这游戏。
分享,分担[(+in/with)]
含有,带有[(+of)]
[范例] His poems participate of the nature of satire.他的诗带有讽刺性。
                        vt.分享,分担

A)conservative            a.保守的,守旧的
[范例] His conservative views made him unpopular.他保守的观点使他不受欢迎。
传统的,老式的
稳当的,谨慎的;有意压低的
[范例] This is a conservative estimate of the population in the year 2000.这是对公元二○○○年时人口的保守估计。
(大写)(英国、加拿大等)保守党的
[范例] The Conservative Party is now in power.现在由保守党执政。
防腐的,有保存力的
                         n.保守者,守旧者
[范例] The conservatives are opposed to any change.保守分子反对变革。
大写)(英国、加拿大等)保守党党员(或支持者)
防腐剂

B)content                 a.满足的,满意的;甘愿的[(+with)][+to-v]
[范例] She seems content to live with him.她似乎很满意与他生活在一起。
       He was content with his work.他对自己的工作很满意。
       He seemed content.他好像满足了。
                             vt.使满足[(+with)]
[范例] Her answer seemed to content him.她的回答好像令他满意。
                             n.满足


C)confident              a.确信的;有信心的,自信的[(+of)][+(that)]
[范例] He is quite confident that he will pass the examination.他很有信心通过考试。
       They are confident of success.他们有信心能够成功。
       He is confident of passing the examination.他有信心通过考试。
       Patrick was confident of his ability to get work for himself.派屈克自信有能力为自己找到工作。
过于自信的,自负的;大胆的

D)generous                   a.慷慨的,大方的[(+with/in/to)]
[范例] She is generous in giving help.她乐于助人。
       He was generous to everybody with money.他在金钱上对每个人都很大方。
宽宏大量的,宽厚的[(+to/towards)]
[范例] He is generous towards his subordinates.他待部属很宽厚。
大量的;丰富的;丰盛的
[范例] She gave me a generous lunch.她请我吃了一顿丰盛的午餐。
肥沃的

5.选C。     [题意]大多数广播电台坚持认为电视已经被不公平批评并且主张这种媒体的作用被夸大

maintain 坚持认为;

medium n. 媒体单数,media n. 媒体复数;

A)grant vt. 授予,给予

B) imply vt. 隐含,暗示

C) exaggerate v. 夸大,夸张,高估

D)remedy vt. 弥补,补救,修正。
 

相关英语四级文章
最新评论共有位网友发表了评论
发表评论
评论内容:不能超过250字,需审核,请自觉遵守互联网相关政策法规。
用户名: 密码:
匿名评论

精彩专题

大学英语四级词汇热门文章

大学英语四级词汇推荐文章

大学英语四级词汇热评文章